What is a Chip? | About Chip | Define Micro Chip

What is a Chip? | About Chip | Define Micro Chip

What is a Chip? | About Chip | Define Micro Chip

A chip is also called an integrated circuit.Generally it is a small, thin piece of silicon onto which the transistors making up the microprocessor have been etched, A chip might be as large as an inch on a side and can contain tens of millions of transistors. Simpler processors might consist of a few thousand transistors etched onto a chip just a few millimeters square.

in general, there is a relationship betbeen clock speed and MIPS. The maximum clock speed is a function of the manufacturing process and delay within the chip. there is also a relationship betbeen the number of transistors and MIPS. For example, the 8088 clocked at 5 MHz but only executed at 0.33 MIPS (about one instructions per 15 clock cycles). Modern processors can often execute at a rate of two instructions per clock cycle. That improvement is directly realted to the number of transistors on the chip and will make more sense in the next section directly related to the number of transistors on the chip and will make more sense in the next section.

 

Information about this table:

Name Date Transistors Cheak Speed Data Width
 8080 1974 6,000 2 MHz  8 bits
 8088  1979 29,000  5 MHz  16 bit  8-bit bus
 80286  1982  134,000  6 MHz  16 bits
 80386  1985  275,000  16 MHz  32 bits
 80486  1989  1,200,000  25 MHz  32 bits
 Pentium  1993  3,100,000  60 MHz 32  bits  64-bits bus
 Pentium II  1997  7,500,000  233 MHz  32  bits  64-bits bus
 Pentium  III  1999  9,500,000  450 MHz  32  bits  64-bits bus
 Pentium 4  2000  42,000,000  1.5 GHz  32  bits  64-bits bus
 Pentium 4 “Prescott”  2004  125,000,000  3.6 GHz  32  bits  64-bits bus

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