The Population Problem in our country
Outlines:- 1. Introduction, 2. The estimate of the present situation, 3. Factors affecting the growth of population, 4. Effect, 5. conclusion
Introduction :- India has been facing a number of acute problems like unemployment, food scarcity, inadequate housing, poor standard of living and above all, the poverty of the masses. All these problems are directly related to the rapidly increasing population. India is undoubtedly proud of her past glory and prosperity. But at present despite economic development and industrialization, India is one of the backward and poor countries in the world just because of its alarming population growth.
The estimate of the present situation :- The estimate present global population is 6,055 million. India is the second country after china to have crossed one million mark. According to 2011 census, the total India population stands at a high level of 121.01 crore which is about 17.5% of world’s total population . These staggering figures are indeed, indicative of the seriousness of the challenges we have to face.
Factor affecting the growth of population :- Birth rate and death rate are two main factors affecting the growth of population in our country. Modern developments in medical science have led to a marked decline in mortality, but the birth rate remain high and so the population is rising constantly. To make the situation worse, the age-long traditions of early marriage and unrestricted growth of family have not yet been shaken off.
Effects :- The rise in population brings forth a host of problems and adversely affects the quality of life. As the population increases we need more food supply, more clothing, more houses, more hospitals, more schools and so on. After attainment of freedom India has made tremendous economic progress but the fruits of development do not match with the rapid growth of population. Consequently the number of ill-fed, ill-clad, illiterate and unemployed people is increasing day after day.
Conclusion :- The ever-increasing population and inadequate employment opportunities are throwing a large section of people below the poverty line. If we want to eradicate are throwing a large section of people below the poverty and quality of life. we will have to treat the population problem on top national priority. In order to fight this menace, people should be educated about the problem and persuaded to adopt the small family norm.